పతంజలి అష్టాంగయోగములు ఏమిటో చెప్పగలరా???
కొంచెము వివరణతో అందించగలరని నా విన్నపము.
(03-Dec-2009 04:45 PM)chandu Wrote: You are not allowed to view links. Register or Login to view.
1. యమము (Social Control or Social Discipline)
2. నియమము (Self Discipline)
3. ఆసనము (Posture)
4. ప్రాణాయామము (Brea
5. ప్రత్యాహారము (Discipline of the Senses)
6. ధారణ (Concentration)
7. ధ్యానము (Meditation)
8. సమాధి (Self Realisation)
అవండీ.... పతంజలి మహర్షి చెప్పిన అష్టాంగ యోగములు.
(04-Dec-2009 04:16 PM)chandu Wrote: You are not allowed to view links. Register or Login to view.(03-Dec-2009 04:45 PM)chandu Wrote: You are not allowed to view links. Register or Login to view.
ivi inkha detail gaa
Ashtanga yoga consists of the following steps: The first five are called external aids to Yoga (bahiranga sadhana)
* Yama refers to the five abstentions. These are the same as the five vows of Jainism.
* Ahimsa: non-violence, inflicting no injury or harm to others or even to one's ownself, it goes as far as nonviolence in thought, word and deed.
* Satya: truth in word & thought.
* Asteya: non-covetousness, to the extent that one should not even desire something that is not his own.
* Brahmacharya: abstain from - intercourse; celibacy in case of unmarried people and monogamy in case of married people. Even this to the extent that one should not possess any - thoughts towards any other man or woman except one's own spouse. It's common to associate Brahmacharya with celibacy.
* Aparigraha: non-possessiveness
* Niyama refers to the five observances
* Shaucha: cleanliness of body & mind.
* Santosha: satisfaction; satisfied with what one has.
* Tapas: austerity and associated observances for body discipline & thereby mental control.
* Svadhyaya: study of the Vedic scriptures to know about God and the soul, which leads to introspection on a greater awakening to the soul and God within,
* Ishvarapranidhana: surrender to (or worship of) God.
* Asana: Discipline of the body: rules and postures to keep it disease-free and for preserving vital energy. Correct postures are a physical aid to meditation, for they control the limbs and nervous system and prevent them from producing disturbances.
* Pranayama: control of breath. Beneficial to health, steadies the body and is highly conducive to the concentration of the mind.
* Pratyahara: withdrawal of senses from their external objects.
The last three levels are called internal aids to Yoga (antaranga sadhana)
* Dharana: concentration of the citta upon a physical object, such as a flame of a lamp, the mid point of the eyebrows, or the image of a deity.
* Dhyana: steadfast meditation. Undisturbed flow of thought around the object of meditation (pratyayaikatanata). The act of meditation and the object of meditation remain distinct and separate.
* Samadhi: oneness with the object of meditation. There is no distinction between act of meditation and the object of meditation. Samadhi is of two kinds:
* Samprajnata Samadhi conscious samadhi. The mind remains concentrated (ekagra) on the object of meditation, therefore the consciousness of the object of meditation persists. Mental modifications arise only in respect of this object of meditation.
This state is of four kinds:
o Savitarka: the Citta is concentrated upon a gross object of meditation such as a flame of a lamp, the tip of the nose, or the image of a deity.
o Savichara: the Citta is concentrated upon a subtle object of meditation , such as the tanmatras
o Sananda: the Citta is concentrated upon a still subtler object of meditation, like the senses.
o Sasmita: the Citta is concentrated upon the ego-substance with which the self is generally identified.
* Asamprajnata Samadhi supraconscious. The citta and the object of meditation are fused together. The consciousness of the object of meditation is transcended. All mental modifications are checked (niruddha), although latent impressions may continue.
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